How to support autism go into mainstream kindergarden?  

Author: ooihua on 1/20/2009 12:56:00 PM

 
   
  My son is getting 5 this year, he has been in the pre-school for the
disabled for 13 months. The special need teachers feel that he is
ready to move forward and I fear that he is not. I don't think
the public schools in here will do a good job of teaching my child,
as they are about 50 in a class.
I have recently got a speech language therapist report saying last
year November while he is 4 years old, reported that his speech
developmental milestone is 2 years old. And she strongly
recommended us to enroll our child to the mainstream kindergarden.
My boy is academically smart, according to the Kindergarden teacher,
he can finished all his table tasks pretty fast (shape puzzle
matching / motor fine activities/ movement in dancing & playground,
etc…)

Recently, I found an international private school that accept
children with autism, though, the teachers are not special trained
in this field. As I look at this school has less homework, (less
stress) I really like to let him for a try. my son able to draw
flower, and robot. He also able to write the alphabet and number,
but the handwriting still need to be trained (sometime too big or
too small). He is able to follow instructions.



My intention is to let him learn or to observe what the other normal
kids are doing. He is a fast learner, for example, we didn't expect
him to know playing the PSP / the Nentindo games, surprisingly, he
just learned to play the game by watching his cousin. Teacher
teaching find it easy to teach him new skills (Montessori teaching).



So far, the teacher has been complaining he has:

(1) limited verbal communication

(2) Less eye contacts.

(3) cant stay long in the circle time.

(4) non interacting with the rest of the kids (not
spontenously) but while he was in the disabled pre-school, he make
fun with the rest of the kids.

(5) unwilling to wear the school uniform. (I found out the T-
shirt and pant are normal fabric that he has usually wear. He never
has problem wearing a brand new shirt (not the label tag either).

(6) When the kids are told to line up, he just unwilling to.
(not cooperative enough)



You have any idea what else I can do to make him perform better?
The class has 24

students, and so far, the 2 teachers said they can easily handle of
him, they don't

required for a special trained person to accompany him in the
class. I request the teacher to let him join for all the
school activities as much as he can.

After finishing the K1 school, I still having the ABA program for
him. Please comment what else I should
do to make him achieve a better life? While your son was first time
in the mainstream, did you working with the
school district for an Individualized Educational Plan (IEP) for him?
 
 

[ 3 ] 回應: 作者: 凌辉 日期 2/2/2009 5:30:00 AM

  Hi,

我在某个网络看过这一篇文章, 也许你会更容易理解Visual Leaner的信息.
.............................................................
Visual Leaner (视觉学习型)主要依靠视觉来获取、理解和记忆信息,他们如果不能“看到”,就无法完全理解。

教育专家发现,视觉学习型分为两类:

(1) 图像学习型 和
(2) 文字学习型。

很多视觉学习型的孩子既是图像学习型,又是文字学习型,但有些却是二者之一。

图像学习型的人依靠图像思维,如果你问一个图像学习型的孩子 “大象是不是灰色的”,他很可能会在脑海里回想在动物园或图片里见过的大象的样子。

文字学习型则以文字的形式来思考,他们能很快学会阅读,并且能轻松记住字词的正确写法,他们也喜欢练习写字和组词。如果你问一个文字学习型的孩子“大象是不是灰色的”,他脑海里首先反映出来的是“大象”这个词,然后会努力回忆从书里看过的关于大象的内容。

** 了解你的孩子的学习类型有什么好处?

了解孩子喜欢用什么方式学习和接受信息,你就掌握了一个重要的方法,来帮助孩子取得更好的学习成绩,激发孩子对学习的热情。教育专家发现有三种主要的学习类型:
(1) 视觉学习型(visual learner)、
(2) 听觉学习型 (auditory leraner)和
(3) 动觉触觉学习型。(Kinesthetic learner)

比如,在学习一个新的数学概念时,
1) 视觉学习型学得最快的方法是观察老师在黑板上解题或看自己写下解
题过程,
2) 听觉学习型通过听老师讲解,并回答问题能更快学会,
3) 而动觉触觉学习型则可能需要利用 积木、算盘 或其他计数工具来练习。

如果你知道自己的孩子属于视觉学习型(不过,学习类型也可能随时间而改变),用视觉探索世界最自如,那么你就能帮助孩子发挥长处,并通过更多刺激加强其他类型(动觉触觉和听觉)的学习。

  这些学习类型可不仅仅是理论上的概念。好几项研究表明,根据孩子的学习类型因材施教能显著提高孩子的学习成绩。这类研究中有很多都基于一个具体的学习类型项目,这个项目的负责人是美国纽约州圣约翰大学的学习教学类型研究中心主任——丽塔•杜恩,而且研究得出的结论也很有说服力。利用学习类型,北卡罗来纳州有两所小学经过3年的时间使学生的毕业测试得分大大提高。1992年,美国教育部发现,有为数不多的几种方法成功地提高了特殊教育学生在全国考试中的成绩,而针对孩子的学习类型进行教学就是其中的方法之一。

帮助视觉学习型孩子取得好成绩的最好方法,就是充分激发他的兴趣,提供更多他学习需要的材料。哈佛教育学研究生院的主任库尔特•费舍尔指出,要注意孩子喜欢哪些活动,尽量把学习和这些活动结合起来。

比如,要是你的孩子喜欢做游戏,那么卡片游戏是充分锻炼记忆力和注意力的好选择。你还要尽量多准备一些书,这样孩子就能 看书里的图画 或 学习认字 。

费舍尔说:“孩子将来学习成绩的好坏,很大程度上从他们在家能看到的书的数量和父母与他们一起读书所用的时间就能看得出来。”

此外,虽然并不适用于所有的孩子,但视觉学习型的孩子可能会从观看教育性电视节目中受益,因为这有助于他们学习。

所以,如果你的孩子对图画的反应比对文字的反应好,你可以准备有大量有趣插图并配文字的图书,来鼓励孩子阅读。如果孩子更喜欢看图,就利用插图和图表.

如果你的孩子喜欢认字,你就多花时间帮孩子学习拼音和简单的字。在学习数学和其他科目时,你也可以采取同样的方法,,如果孩子更喜欢文字信息,就多给孩子看数字。

怎样弥补视觉学习型孩子在其他方面的弱点?

首先,不要把孩子擅长一种学习类型看作一种弱点。孩子不擅长通过动觉触觉(Kinesthetic learning) 或 听觉(auditory leraning)来学习,并不意味着他的学习就会有问题。学习类型并不是固定不变的,随着年龄的增长,孩子其他方面能力的发展,他会采用其他的学习类型。专家指出,学习是件很复杂的事,了解孩子的学习类型只是看到冰山的一角。更重要的是你怎样利用这点来帮助孩子学习新知识。

  专家认为,如果孩子是视觉学习型,虽然给孩子多提供发展视觉能力的活动机会很重要,但也要注意其他学习类型。父母要注意开发孩子的多种感官能力,这一点至关重要。这样孩子才能全面发展,利用不同方法去学习新知识。所以,你也要鼓励孩子参与动手活动,以促进动觉触觉学习,并让孩子多听音乐,锻炼听觉学习能力。

  你还要教会孩子怎样弥补在 听觉 和 动觉触觉 学习方面的弱点。

例如,在幼儿园听老师讲故事时,如果老师没有利用图片或视觉方面的提示来辅助讲解,那么你的孩子也许就很难理解或接受老师所讲的内容。要是这种情况经常发生,你可以让孩子坐得离老师近一些,这样孩子可以在老师讲故事的时候观察老师的脸。同时,你要尽可能用视觉动作来辅助你的语言指令(Instruction),比如,指着你希望孩子去的方向说 (point to the direction):“先左转,再右转。”

  归根结底,无论你的孩子属于哪个学习类型,你都要尽量鼓励并支持孩子的学习。你要顺应孩子的发展方向,不要过分在意孩子在某些具体科目上成绩如何,而是应该关注孩子的整体发展情况。专家指出,家长的适当辅导会起到很大作用,这对孩子的学习和智力开发至关重要。

 
 

[ 2 ] 回應: 作者: Ooihua 日期 1/31/2009 3:49:00 AM

  My son was first diagnosed as Autism Spectrum Disorder in 2006, while he was 2 ½ years old.
Last year 2008 December, a speech therapist reported he is a fairly ‘high functioning child’.
The speech therapist not familiar with the visual learning technique, but he recommended us to use pictures for his home program.

I read about the ‘visual learning’ (视觉学习), but have no idea how does it work? Unfortunately, our area do not have this resources. I noted he is learning lots through the educational TV program, he learned to read the time (clock), the weather, the day (Monday … Sunday)… He also like to read books, he likes to name all the objects in the book. So, I presume he is type of ‘Visual learner’. That why, I have no objection to let him watch the selected ‘education program’; cos’ that can have significant educational value. Program like: (1) Gogo's Adventures with English. (2) ABC English for Children VCD.

Can you be more specific on your experience in using ‘visual learning’ method, and HOW should I cooperate the visual learning into the child school lessons? Presently, I made lots of flashcard for the kindergarden’s lesson themes for him. For example, this month, my son is school learning theme is about ‘my body’. I print out some worksheets and pictures through the internet on this specific lesson for his homework. I am not good in teaching, if you have more information, I would really love to learn from you.

Since you have point out the future ‘comprehensive learning’ in primary school, I started to search for more effective way to help my son to overcome his learning difficulties.

Hope you will have more writing on your son ‘learning’ experiences to share with us later on. (stage by stage … learning difficulties and methods to overcome it.) Thank you.
 
 

[ 1 ] 回應: 作者: 瑾心 日期 1/20/2009 12:57:00 PM

  Dear Ooi hua ,

It is hard for me to give you a concrete advise for I am not aware the local environment and legal policy in your areas.

However, I can share some inputs for reference. Comparing with normal kids are 4 years old, the autistic children are learning by visual memory, but others are learning by exploring. Until they all reach 7 years old, lots of learning are through comprehension and life experience(exploring), autistic children will be no longer so called academic smart!


You need to find out what is the "main way" that your boy is learning through? By visual or by touch? Is he autistic or close to high functional asperger? To know your boy first before you make your decision.

Autistic children need small size classroom and require concentrate attention caring. Asperger children need more social setting to cope with regular learning.

I have third private medical professionals interview my son after he receive diagnosis from government agency. To have more information can help your boy walk on the right path of growing!

 
 
     
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